Climate change is a fact, and it is widely acknowledged that the world is in the midst of a global warming crisis. Human activities such as fossil fuel combustion and land use change have released greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which is the primary driver of recent climate change. Land use such as agriculture alone, discharges more than 6 billion metric tons of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere each year. Because of the increased severity of climate change impacts in some areas, the consequences have been more severe and disastrous.
In Uganda, Climate change is a serious problem, affecting livelihoods. The country experiences prolonged drought, short and erratic rains which are disastrous and affecting agricultural production the backbone of the country. Also, due to disparities in traditional roles, societal expectations, and livelihoods, men and women are affected differently by climate change. Women account for the bulk of Uganda's population of 23.19 million people. They have lower wages, less access to credit and decision-making power, and less control over resources, all of which make them more vulnerable to climate change. It’s therefore important to consider differences when tackling the issue of climate change.
Agroforestry/permaculture/regenerative agriculture has emerged as a major instrument in the fight against climate change in recent years. It's a widely accepted answer to the twin problems of climate change and food insecurity. It's one of a number of innovative strategies targeted at increasing production while also assisting in the mitigation of climate change by increasing carbon sequestration and boosting the system's ability to cope with the negative consequences of climate change.This project aims to promote agroforestry/permaculture/regenerative agriculture for climate change mitigation and the development of vulnerable groups' livelihoods, such as women, by planting fruit trees alongside food crops
Over the past decades wetlands are seen as wastelands yet wetlands play a crucial role as far regulating our climate system. Our climatic system is significantly regulated by wetland ecosystems. They serve as a large sink for greenhouse gases, trapping carbon and preventing it from entering the atmosphere, but they can also act as sources of some GHGs, particularly methane (CH4) when disturbed which increases climate change. Without neglecting the myriad ecosystem services they offer, wetlands protect against flooding, provide habitat for fish and shellfish reproduction and rearing, and support ecotourism, source of food like fish, cultural heritage and local herbs, to mention a few.
We used to have two seasons for rainfall when I was growing up. But as a result of climate change, we now suffer unpredictable shorter or longer rainy seasons as well as severe droughts. Wetlands have been destroyed, bird and tree species have vanished, there have been extreme weather events in various parts of Uganda,
as a result of the effects of climate change and environmental destruction, all of which are a result of human activity.
The population of Tororo is above 577500 people, wetlands cover 11 percent of the total country land approximately26600km2 of Uganda’s total area of 241500km2 including water bodies
Most of Tororo's largest wetlands, including Sengo and Osukuru, have been significantly encroached by farmers and investors. Wetlands are crucial, but despite their significance, they have been heavily encroached upon. In these streams that feed wetlands, industries discharge their pollutants. As a result of this contamination, the quality of the stream water has decreased or deteriorated. On the other hand, wetland habitats are impacted by this pollution, yet they also serve as a groundwater recharge for the springs and wells that the indigenous people use to get water for drinking and cooking. In some areas, the indigenous people fetch water directly from these wetlands.
We can still restore the status of such places to create buffer zones where we can protect these wetlands and in doing so, we shall live a very beautiful environment for our children, the next generation that will come, just as we inherited a better environment from our ancestors.